Benzing DH. 1980. The Biology of the Bromeliads.  Eureka (CA): Mad River Press.  305 p.


Benzing DH. 1990. Vascular epiphytes. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press. 376 p.

Benzing DH. 2000. Bromeliaceae: profile of an adaptive radiation. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press. 690 p.


Cooper TM. 2006. Ecological and demographic trends and patterns of Metamasius callizona (Chevrolat), an invasive bromeliad-eating weevil, and Florida’s native bromeliads. Master’s Thesis. Gainesville, Florida, University of Florida, p. 69. 


Cooper TM. 2009. An assessment of a biological control agent, Lixadmontia franki (Diptera: Tachinidae), to control Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), an invasive herbivore destroying Florida’s native bromeliads. Doctoral Dissertation, Univ. Florida, Gainesville, FL. 104 pp.


Cooper TM, Cave RD. 2016. Effect of temperature on growth, reproductive activity, and survival of the invasive bromeliad-eating weevil Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist 99: 451-455.


Cooper TM, Frank JH, Cave RD, Burton MS, Dawson JS, Smith BW. 2011. Release and monitoring of a potential biological control agent, Lixadmontia franki, to control an invasive bromeliad-eating weevil, Metamasius callizona, in Florida. Biological Control 59: 319-325.


Cooper TM, Frank JH, Cave RD. 2014. Loss of phytotelmata due to an invasive bromeliad-eating weevil and its potential effects on faunal diversity and biogeochemical cycles.  Acta Oecologica 54: 51-56.

Cooper TM, Frank JH. 2014. Description of the larval instars of Lixadmontia franki (Diptera: Tachinidae). Florida Entomologist 97(3): 1002-1014.


Frank JH. 1983. Bromeliad phytotelmata and their biota, especially mosquitoes. In: Frank JH, Lounibos LP, editors. Phytotelmata: terrestrial plants as hosts for aquatic insect communities. Medford (NJ): Plexus. p. 101-128. 


Frank, J.H., 1996. Bromeliad biota: History of Metamasius callizona in Florida [online]. Gainesville (FL): University of Florida [cited 2010 Jan. 01]. Available from: <>. 


Frank JH, Cave RD. 2005. Metamasius callizona is destroying Florida’s native bromeliads.  In: Second International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods; 2005 Sep 12e16, vol. 1. USDA Forest Service Publication FHTET-2005-08, Davos, Switzerland, pp. 91-101.


Frank JH, Curtis GA. 1981. Bionomics of the bromeliad-inhabiting mosquito Wyeomyia vanduzeei and its nursery plant Tillandsia utriculata. Florida Entomologist 64(4): 491-507.


Frank JH, Cooper TM, Larson BC. 2006. Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae): longevity and fecundity in the laboratory. Florida Entomologist 89(2): 208-211.


Frank JH, Thomas MC. 1994. Metamasius callizona (Chevrolat) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), an immigrant pest, destroys bromeliads in Florida. Canadian Entomologist 126: 673-682.


Isley PT. 1987. Tillandsia the world’s most unusual air plants. Botanical Press, Gardena, California.


Luther HE, Benzing DH. 2009. Native Bromeliads of Florida. Pineapple Press, Inc. Sarasota, Florida. 126 p.


Salas J, Frank JH. 2001. Development of Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on pineapple stems. Florida Entomologist.  84(1): 123-126.

Suazo A, Cave RD, Frank JH. 2008. Reproductive biology and development of Lixadmontia franki (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasitoid of bromeliad-eating weevils. Florida Entomol. 91(3):453-459. 


Wood DM, Cave RD. 2006. Description of a new genus and species of weevil parasitoid from Honduras (Diptera: Tachinidae).  Florida Entomol. 89, 239–244.

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